The rhetorical transaction: 

“One aspect of texts that makes them interesting rhetorically is that the meaning, the logos, is forged interactively.  The meaning does not reside solely within the reader; the meaning does not reside solely within the words.  The meaning is created by the interaction of the writer’s words and the reader’s assumptions, experiences, knowledge, and beliefs.”  This is the basic rhetorical transaction.

Each group will be assigned a key AP Language term to discuss fully in relation to the above text.

1. Logos, Pathos, Ethos: The appeals that establish the rhetorical transaction.

2. Diction: The choice of words used in speaking or writing.

3. Syntax: The grammatical structure of prose and poetry.

4. Figurative Language: The body of devices that enables the writer to operate on levels other than the literal one. This includes metaphor, simile, personification, symbol, motif, and hyperbole, etc.

5. Imagery: Writing that directly appeals to the five senses.

6. Tone: Suggests an attitude toward the subject, which is communicated by the words the author chooses. Part of the range of tone includes playful, somber, serious, casual, formal, ironic.
Tone is important because it designates the mood and effect of a work.  The narrator’s attitude toward his/her subject contributes to the tone.

7. Mood: The prevailing atmosphere or emotional aura of a work.

Meaning, Purpose, and Effect: The discussion should go beyond identifying or locating examples of the term. Rather, one should ask, “How does (term)_____ affect the overall impact of the writing?” or “How does the (term)_________ impact the (term)____________?”

After about 10 minutes of discussion, each group will briefly present its discoveries to the rest of the class. ALL students will annotate the text during the discussion and sharing time.